Bern: the Swiss capital
Bern: the Swiss capital, an important city of diplomacy, one of the oldest and most charming cities in Europe. The city’s origins date back to the 12th century. The city’s appearance slightly changed over the centuries. Today many buildings are of Sandstone, historic towers and unique fountains, Bern is one of the best examples of medieval architecture in Europe. In 1983 UNESCO declared Bern a world Heritage.
The bell tower Titlecontent (Bern): the Main attraction and the symbol of Bern (XII century), once served as the Western gate of the old city. The East facade of the tower is decorated with the famous opening hours Kaspar Brunner. Clock displays not only the time and day of week, month, sign of the zodiac and phases of the moon. Every hour the rooster crows, and there are figures of bears and fantasy creatures.
Cathedral (Bern): This Cathedral with a 100-meter tower was built in late Gothic style. This huge temple is famous for a long period of construction. From Foundation in 1421, before the end of the arches of the nave has been more than a half century. The top of the tower was rebuilt in 1893. Impressive reliefs depicting the last judgment. In the rich interior of the Cathedral stand out luxury stained glass Windows.
The Rose garden (Bern): originated in the late eighteenth century on the site of the old cemetery. This wonderful corner of the city was repeatedly rebuilt and updated. Now here it blooms more than 220 different types of roses, 220 – irises and 28 rhododendrons. It offers a magnificent view over the old town. The garden features a restaurant.
Geneva: the second largest and most populous city of Switzerland and undoubtedly the most cosmopolitan: a third of its population made up of citizens from other countries. The city is located on the southwest shore of lake Geneva, between the Jura mountains and the Alps. Geneva is also widely known as the European headquarters of the United Nations, as the place where the movement originated Calvinism and was organized by the international Red Cross. It is also one of the healthiest cities in the world due to the predominance of Northern winds that purify the air of the city from contamination.
Saint Peter’s Cathedral (Geneva): Its construction was started in the Roman age in the eleventh century and continued during the Gothic period, in the sixteenth century it became one of the main temples of Protestantism.
Botanical garden (Geneva): the Passion genevans botany in the 19th century resulted in 28 acres of land, where along winding paths and streams located mountain views and gardens in the rocks, the trees, whose age was already more than two centuries, exotic greenhouses, flower beds with various flowers, rose gardens, bird aviary, a deer Park and a live directory economically useful and medicinal plants. There’s also a huge research Institute.
A giant fountain (Geneva): the highest fountain in Europe is located on lake Geneva, near the source of the Rhone river. It is visible from any point of the city and from the air when flying over Geneva at an altitude of 10 km. From 2003 the fountain works in the daytime all year round, except in frosty weather, and especially strong winds.
Car Museum (Geneva): contains a collection of approximately 120 cars, motorcycles and bicycles old marks. All the cars were produced before the Second world war. Motorcycles presents a number of models, 1896-1950.
Museum hours (Geneva): In this Museum displayed the history of the clock from the 16th century to our days. Here you can even see sand and sun watch, although most of the exhibits devoted to the history of Swiss watches, especially the 17th and 18th centuries. Famous enamelled watches of the 19th century – the pride of the collection, many of them play tunes when you open them.
Flower clock (Geneva): Dial floral clocks located in the English garden, is made of carefully selected flower beds, for them grows 6500 colors. The watch diameter is 5 meters.
Zurich: a charming old town full of restored historic buildings and narrow, hilly alleys, one of the world’s leading financial centers for the re-export of capital, the largest (along with London), the gold market, one of the largest currency markets and markets of Bank loans. The city has always been a center of liberal thought, involving Lenin, Carl Jung, James Joyce and Thomas Mann. School of the Dadaists was founded here in 1916, at the origins of the current standing of Romanians Tristan Tzara.
Swiss Museum (zürich): the Building of the Museum was built in 1898 by the architect Gustav ghoul. The Museum’s collection of exhibits that tell the history of the country. Here you can see a collection of paintings, sculptures, historical costumes, furniture, antique arms and armor, books and jewelry. Often themed exhibitions.
The grossmünster (zürich): the Cathedral in the Romanesque and Gothic styles contains two three-story towers and is located on the terrace on the right Bank. The construction of the Cathedral began in 1090 and completed prior to the beginning of the 14th century. When this Cathedral was the parish Church of Ulrich Zwingli, one of the great leaders of the reformation. He persuaded the priests to marry, railed against the “idolatry” communion and mass.
Fraumünster (zürich): the Church is located on the left Bank of the river, dates from the 13th and 14th centuries. The main attraction of the Fraumünster are five stained glass Windows – each with its own color theme – created by Marc Chagall in 1970, Best of all, they are visible in the clear morning light
University of Zurich: the largest University in Switzerland. Famous for its graduates: many of them, such as albert Einstein, Karl Alex müller were awarded the Nobel prize in physics, chemistry, medicine.
Interlaken: the tourist capital of Berner Oberland. “The city between the lakes” is located between lakes Thun and Briec, whence its name derives. The oldest resort in the country, known for its beautiful panoramic mountain views of the Jungfrau massif. In August in Interlaken music festival, one of the most important events in classical music in Switzerland, where the best orchestras and soloists in the world.
Basel is the third largest city in Switzerland, located in the Rhine valley in the place where French, German and Swiss borders. It is considered an important cultural centre of Switzerland. The sights of Basel is easier and more enjoyable to explore on foot. High concentration sites are situated around the Market square (Marktplatz) and the Cathedral, built in the Romanesque-Gothic style.
Lausanne: the City on three hills. In ancient times the site of the modern Lausanne Romans built a military camp, which they called Laudanum. In the middle ages grew out of the camp, the city was ruled by the bishops and Dukes of Savoy. Today in Lausanne popular water sports on the nearby lake and climbing.
Lucerne: a beautiful small town in Central Switzerland. The city on the shore of lake Lucerne, is replete with cozy narrow streets, magnificent spires and turrets, bridges, frescoed houses and fountains. In the morning on Thursday and Saturday, the Lucerne becomes vibrant market town
The kapelbruke (Luzern): old wooden Chapel bridge